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The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union in Practice


European Union

Treaty on European Union

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Explanatory Memorandum to the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Selection of Treaties and Protocols provisions

Directive (EU) 2016/1919 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 on legal aid for suspects and accused persons in criminal proceedings and for requested persons in European arrest warrant proceedings

Directive (EU) 2016/343 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on the strengthening of certain aspects of the presumption of innocence and of the right to be present at the trial in criminal proceedings

Directive 2013/48/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2013 on the right of access to a lawyer in criminal proceedings and in European arrest warrant proceedings, and on the right to have a third party informed upon deprivation of liberty and to communicate with third persons and with consular authorities while deprived of liberty

Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection

Directive 2012/13/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012 on the right to information in criminal proceedings

Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted

Directive 2010/64/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 on the right to interpretation and translation in criminal proceedings

Council Directive 2004/80/EC of 29 April 2004 relating to compensation to crime victims

Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States amending Regulation (EEC) No 1612/68

Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation


Case Law

Case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union

Scope of application of the Charter

CJEU, Fact Sheet, Field of application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Case C-623/17 (Grand Chamber) Privacy International v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and Others, 6 October 2020

Case C-493/17 (Grand Chamber) Weiss and Others, December 2018

Case C-416/17 European Commission v French Republic, 4 October 2018

Case T-817/14, Zoofachhandel Züpke GmbH and Others v European Commission, 17 March 2016

Case T-138/14, Chart v EEAS, 16 December 2015

Joined Cases C-446/12 - 449/12, Willems and Others, 16 April 2015

Case C-483/12, Pelckmans Turnhout, 8 May 2014

Case C-390/12, Pfleger and Others, 30 April 2014

Case C-206/13, Siragusa, 6 March 2014

Case C‑176/12, Association de médiation sociale v Union locale des syndicats CGT, Hichem Laboubi, Union départementale CGT des Bouches-du-Rhône, Confédération générale du travail (CGT), 15 January 2014

Case T 383/11, Eyad Makhlouf v Council of the European Union, 13 September 2013

Opinion of Advocate General, Case C-176/12, Association de médiation sociale contre Union locale des syndicats CGT and Others,18 July 2013

Case C‑617/10, Åklagaren v Hans Åkerberg Fransson, 26 February 2013

Case C-399/11, Stefano Melloni v Ministerio Fiscal, 26 February 2013

Opinion of Advocate General, Case C-399/11, Melloni, 2 October 2012

Case C-40/11, Yoshikazu Iida v Stadt Ulm, 8 November 2012

Case C-27/11, Vinkov v Nachalnik Administrativno-nakazatelna deynost, 7 June 2012

Joined Cases C 411/10 and C 493/10, N. S. (C‑411/10) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and M. E. (C‑493/10), A. S. M., M. T., K. P., E. H. v Refugee Applications Commissioner, Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, 21 December 2011

Case C-482/10, Teresa Cicala v Regione Siciliana, 21 December 2011

Opinion of Advocate General, Case C-282/10, Case C-282/10, Dominguez v Centre informatique du Centre Ouest Atlantique, Préfet de la région Centre, 8 September 2011

Case C-555/07, Kücükdeveci, 19 January 2010

Case T-51/89 Tetra Pak Rausing SA v Commission of the European Communities, 10 July 1990

Obstacles to access to court (court fees, limitation periods, representation)

Case C-651/19 Commissaire général aux réfugiés and aux apatrides, 9 September 2020

Case C-280/18 Flausch and Others, 7 November 2019

Case C-676/17 Călin 11 September 2019

Case C-317/18 Cátia Correia Moreira v Município de Portimão, 13 June 2019

Case C-637/17 Cogeco Communications, 28 March 2019

Case C-585/16 (Grand Chamber) Alheto, 25 July 2018

Case C-181/16 (Grand Chamber) Sadikou Gnandi v État belge, 19 June 2018

Case C-470/16 North East Pylon Pressure Campaing and Sheehy, 15 March 2018

Case T-257/16, NM v European Council, 28 February 2017

Case C-429/15 Evelyn Danqua v Minister for Justice and Equality and Others, 20 October 2016

Case T-470/13, Merck KGaA v European Commission, 8 September 2016

Ordre des barreaux francophones and germanophone, C-543/14, 28 July 2016

Case C-49/14 Finanmadrid EFC, 18 February 2016

Case C-69/14 (Grand Chamber) Târșia, 6 October 2015

Orizzonte Salute, C-61/14, 6 October 2015

Case C-510/13 E.ON Földgáz Trade, 19 March 2015

FK v Commission, T-248/13, 16 September 2013

Case C 93/12 Agrokonsulting-04, 27 June 2013

Case C-156/12 (Order) GREP GmbH v Freitstaat Bayern, 13 June 2012 (No English version available)

Case T-19/06, Mindo v Commission, 5 October 2011

Case C-2/08 Fallimento Olimpiclub, 3 September 2009

Case C-349/08 P (Order) Kronberger v Parliament, 19 May 2009 (No English version available)

Joined cases C-430/93 and C-431/93 Van Schijndel v Stichting Pensioenfonds voor Fysiotherapeuten, 14 December 1995

Case C-312/93 Peterbroeck, Van Campenhout & Cie v Belgian State, 14 December 1995

Case C-338/91 Steenhorst-Neerings, 27 October 1993

Joined cases C-6/90 and C-9/90 Francovich and Bonifaci v Italy, 19 November 1991

Case C-208/90 Emmott v Minister for Social Welfare and Attorney General, 25 July 1991

Case C-213/89 Factortame, 19 June 1990

Case 199/82 Amministrazione delle finanze dello Stato v San Giorgio, 9 November 1983

Case law of the European Court of Human Rights

Pirozzi v. Belgium, no. 21055/11, 17 April 2018

Avotiņš v. Latvia, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 17502/07, 23 May 2016

Furman v Slovenia and Austria, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 16608/09, 5 February 2015

Hoholm v Slovakia, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 35632/13, 13 January 2015

Tarakhel v Switzerland, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 29217/124, 4 November 2014

Jeunesse v The Netherlands, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 12738/10, 3 October 2014

Dhahbi v Italy, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 17120/09, 8 April 2014

X v Latvia, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 27853/09, 26 November 2013

Del Río Prada v Spain, ECHR, Appl. No. 42750/09, 21 October 2013,

Delfi AS v Estonia, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 64569/09, 10 October 2013

Povse v Austria, ECHR Decision, Appl. No. 3890/11, 18 June 2013

Michaud v France, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 12323/11, 6 December 2012

Karoussiotis v Portugal, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No.23205/08, 1 February 2011

M.S.S. v Belgium and Greece, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 30696/09, 21 January 2011

Schalk and Kopf v Austria, no. 30141/04, 24 June 2010

Kokkelvisserij U.A. v The Netherlands, ECHR Decision, Appl. No. 13645/05, 20 January 2009

Connolly v 15 EU MS, ECHR Decision, 9 December 2008, Appl. No. 73274/01 (only in French)

Bosphorus Hava YollariI Turizm ve Ticaret Anonim Sirketi v. Ireland, ECHR Judgment, Appl. 45036/98, 30 June 2005

Kress v France, no. 39594/98, 7 June 2001

Matthews v UK, ECHR Judgment, Appl. No. 24833/94, 18 February 1999

M & Co. v Federal Republic of Germany, Decision of the European Commission of Human Rights, Appl. No. 13258/87, 9 February 1990

Hauschildt v. Denmark, ECtHR Judgment, Application no. 10486/83, 24 May 1989

De Cubber v. Belgium, ECtHR Judgment, Application no. 9186/80, 26 October 1984

Piersack v. Belgium, ECtHR Judgment, Application no. 8692/79, 1 October 1982

Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail v the European Communities, alternatively: their Member States a) jointly and b) severally, Decision of the European Commission of Human Rights, Appl. No. 8030/77, 10 July 1978


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Preliminary ruling proceedings

Action for annulment

Reviewable acts

Locus standi

Time limits

Pleas and evidence

Burden of proof


Interim measures

Legal representation

Right to effective judicial protection

Successive stages of the procedure


Means of appeal

Effects of the annulment of a judgment


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